Scientific article (18 mei 2019)
Experiential peer support and its effects on desistance from delinquent behavior: Protocol paper for a systematic realist literature review
by Margriet Lenkens, Frank van Lenthe, Loïs Schenk, Tessa Magnée, Miranda Sentse, Sabine Severiens, Godfried Engbersen, Gera Nagelhout
Experiential peers are increasingly involved in the development and delivery of interventions for individuals who are engaged in delinquent behavior. Experiential peer support, which is the provision of support to an individual engaged in delinquent behavior by someone who has previously also practiced such behavior, is one such application. Little is known, however, about its effects on desistance, or the mechanisms that explain these effects. On the basis of theoretical papers, program descriptions, and interviews with experts, we developed an initial program theory. We propose seven mechanisms that might play a role in the (potential) effects of support by experiential peers: (1) empathy and acceptance, (2) social learning, (3) social bonding, (4) social control, (5) narrative and identity formation, (6) hope and perspective, and (7) translation and connection. In addition, in this protocol paper, we describe the methods of a systematic realist literature review that will be conducted in order to investigate the evidence base for this program theory.
Scientific article (8 May 2019)
“I Need to Do This on My Own” Resilience and Self-Reliance in Urban At-Risk Youths
by Margriet Lenkens, Gerda Rodenburg, Loïs Schenk, Gera Nagelhout, Frank van Lenthe, Godfried Engbersen, Miranda Sentse, Sabine Severiens, Dike Van De Mheen
This qualitative study investigates urban at-risk youths’ perspectives on their multiproblem situations and explores their needs for support. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 at-risk youths with varied (externalizing) problems and risk factors. The data analysis was carried out using an inductive thematic approach. Four main themes emerged: desistance from delinquent behavior, need for self-reliance, negative experiences in social relationships and need for support. The participants indicated a strong need to be(come) self-reliant, which was visible in their statements on independence, coping with problems and reluctance to seek or accept help, also regarding desistance from crime. For some, this need for self-reliance seemed to be accompanied by distrust of others, which appeared related to previous negative experiences in social interactions. The participants seemed more open to support coming from someone with similar characteristics or experiences. The findings suggest that in helping at-risk youths, a delicate balance should be sought between stimulating autonomy and providing the necessary resources for support. A focus on strengthening factors that foster resilience is recommended. Future research could investigate the possible benefits of perceived similarity between youths and their care providers.
Factsheet (2 May 2019)
Big Brothers Big Sisters of Rotterdam
by Margriet Lenkens, Loïs Schenk
In this Dutch-language factsheet, we describe our research into the community-based mentoring program of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Rotterdam (BBBS). Within this program, voluntary mentors (Bigs) meet on a weekly basis with their mentees (Littles) to do something nice. The focus of this program is the personal attention for the child, broadening his or her horizon, and becoming motivated to bring the best out of themselves (source: BBBS). The program is meant for vulnerable children aged 5 to 18 years. For our study, we focused on Littles aged 12 to 18 years. This factsheet is a collection of a number of important findings and recommendations.
Link to factsheet
Factsheet (25 June 2018)
Mentoring of youth: effective elements
by Loïs Schenk, Margriet Lenkens, Gera Nagelhout
In this Dutch-language factsheet, we give an overview of effective elements of mentoring of youth, based on scientific literature and experiential knowledge. Mentoring is a form of personal guidance in which mentor and mentee have a one-on-one relationship, where the development of the mentee is the focus. Mentoring seems to have positive effects on for example presence and a better attitude at school, less alcohol and drugs use, and less delinquent behavior. Building a trusting relationship between mentor and mentee is crucial. This factsheet is made by the Erasmus Urban Youth Lab. This is an initiative of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam, and research institute IVO. In the research project ‘Vulnerable Youth in Major Cities’ we examine, among others, the effectiveness of and experiences with mentoring.
Link to factsheet
Scientific article (15 June 2018)
At-risk youths’ self-sufficiency: The role of social capital and help-seeking orientation
by Loïs Schenk, Miranda Sentse, Margriet Lenkens, Godfried Engbersen, Dike van de Mheen, Gera Nagelhout, Sabine Severiens
We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 at-risk youths aged 15-25 years in an urban area, to study youths’ perceptions of help-seeking and social capital. Youths’ help-seeking orientation on the individual level, and the presence of bonding and bridging social capital at the contextual level, are important factors in explaining at-risk urban youths’ self-sufficiency. The results indicate that only few youths had positive help-seeking orientations, irrespective of their preference for self-reliance. Sources of help that youths felt comfortable to activate in their immediate environment were limited, but support was also found in extended family members. Bridging social capital was mainly provided by professionals and comprised of instrumental and informational support. Many youths believe they can be understood only by individuals who are similar to them, but simultaneously indicate a need for additional support from significant others.